Here are a few things to do for relief until the fever breaks:
- drink plenty of fluids (e.g., water, juices, broth or oral hydration solution) to compensate for fluid loss from sweating
- get plenty of rest
- make sure there are no extra blankets or clothing on the body, to help lower the body temperature (to prevent shivering and a subsequent rise in body temperature, do not remove all clothing)
Sponge baths with lukewarm water or alcohol are not recommended because they can cause shivering and alcohol can be absorbed through the skin.
A fever causes the body to use more oxygen. Thus, people who have difficulty getting more oxygen into their blood, such as heart and lung patients, should be treated for a fever as soon as one develops.
Antipyretics, which are medications that fight fever, are used to help people with a fever to feel more comfortable. Acetaminophen* and ibuprofen are frequently used. ASA (acetylsalicylic acid) is given only to adults because it can cause Reye's syndrome, a disease that causes liver and brain damage in children. Acetaminophen or ibuprofen is generally given to children who are uncomfortable because of a fever. These are considered very safe and effective when used as recommended. Since fever is part of the body's natural defense against infection, the goal of using these medications is to improve overall comfort, not to reach a "normal" body temperature.
When using these medications, the dose should be based on the child's weight rather than age. To ensure an accurate dose is given, use a medication cup or oral syringe to give the liquid forms of the medication. Keep all medication out of the reach of children. If a bacterial infection is the suspected cause of a fever, your doctor will likely prescribe antibiotics.
If a medication is causing the fever, the medication will be stopped and other treatments may be used as well. If heat exhaustion is causing a fever, immediate medical attention is necessary, as the body temperature needs to be reduced quickly and medications typically used to reduce fever are not effective.
*All medications have both common (generic) and brand names. The brand name is what a specific manufacturer calls the product (e.g., Tylenol®). The common name is the medical name for the medication (e.g., acetaminophen). A medication may have many brand names, but only one common name. This article lists medications by their common names. For information on a given medication, check our Drug Information database. For more information on brand names, speak with your doctor or pharmacist.
All material copyright MediResource Inc. 1996 – 2017. Terms and conditions of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Source: www.medbroadcast.com/condition/getcondition/Fever