Fibromyalgia is often treated in a multifaceted fashion, using both medications and non-medication methods to improve symptoms. Non-medication methods to relieve symptoms include regular sleep, regular stretching and aerobic exercises, hot compresses, and gentle massage. Counselling or other psychological therapy, such as cognitive behavioural therapy, can help people who feel stressed and who may need help coping with fibromyalgia.
Acetylsalicylic acid* (ASA), other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs; e.g., ibuprofen and naproxen), and acetaminophen may help with the pain in some people, but not everyone responds to these medications.
Narcotic pain killers that are not too strong (e.g., codeine, tapentadol, tramadol) may help relieve pain and improve function.
Pregabalin may help treat the symptoms of fibromyalgia by reducing the efficiency with which pain messages are passed along the nerves, thereby reducing pain.
Duloxetine, which is also used as an antidepressant, can also be used to treat the pain of fibromyalgia by affecting the chemical messengers in the body that perceive pain.
Severe persistent pain that's focused in one point is sometimes treated with an injection of lidocaine, which may be used in combination with hydrocortisone.
Low doses of antidepressant medications (e.g., amitriptyline, citalopram, fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, paroxetine, sertraline) are often used to treat fibromyalgia. Antidepressants can improve sleep and may help with the pain. In higher doses, they can also be used to treat mood disorders in people who develop them along with their fibromyalgia.
*All medications have both common (generic) and brand names. The brand name is what a specific manufacturer calls the product (e.g., Tylenol®). The common name is the medical name for the medication (e.g., acetaminophen). A medication may have many brand names, but only one common name. This article lists medications by their common names. For information on a given medication, check our Drug Information database. For more information on brand names, speak with your doctor or pharmacist.
All material copyright MediResource Inc. 1996 – 2017. Terms and conditions of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Source: www.medbroadcast.com/condition/getcondition/Fibromyalgia-Syndrome