There is no known cure for HPV infections. However, most infections are cleared away from the body by the immune system without treatment.
There are several treatment options for warts. Some treatments can be applied at home and others need to be done at the doctor's office. Removing warts does not always eliminate the HPV infection, as warts can reappear after treatment since the virus may still be present in the body.
Skin warts can be removed using over-the-counter treatments, such as salicylic acid to remove the layers of infected skin. The doctor can also use cryotherapy (liquid nitrogen) to freeze off the wart. Genital warts can be treated by using medications (e.g., imiquimod*, podophyllotoxin, podophyllum, trichloroacetic acid) or by physically removing the warts (e.g., cryotherapy, electrosurgical removal, laser therapy, surgical removal). Depending on the circumstances and when a diagnosis was made, the abnormal cells in cervical dysplasia can be removed by freezing or laser surgery.
There are 2 types of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine available in Canada. One is approved for girls and young women aged 9 to 45 and boys and young men aged 9 to 26. This vaccine protects against the 2 types of HPV that cause approximately 70% of all cervical cancers (types 16 and 18) and the 2 types of HPV that cause about 90% of all genital warts (types 6 and 11). The other vaccine is approved for girls and young women aged 10 to 25. This vaccine protects against the 2 types of HPV that cause approximately 70% of all cervical cancers (types 16 and 18). Both vaccines are given in 3 doses over 6 months. Ideally, people should be vaccinated before becoming sexually active. However, if you are already sexually active, you can still benefit from HPV vaccination.
To reduce the risk of genital warts, use a condom consistently. A condom can greatly reduce the risk of HPV infection but does not guarantee 100% protection. Using a condom can also help protect against other STIs (e.g., chlamydia, herpes, HIV). Reducing the number of sexual partners can also help reduce the risk of HPV infection.
To reduce the risk of skin warts such as common or plantar warts, avoid walking barefoot in public areas. Always wear sandals or shoes. This will also reduce the risk of spreading the infection to other people and to other parts of your body.
*All medications have both common (generic) and brand names. The brand name is what a specific manufacturer calls the product (e.g., Tylenol®). The common name is the medical name for the medication (e.g., acetaminophen). A medication may have many brand names, but only one common name. This article lists medications by their common names. For information on a given medication, check our Drug Information database. For more information on brand names, speak with your doctor or pharmacist.
All material copyright MediResource Inc. 1996 – 2017. Terms and conditions of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Source: www.medbroadcast.com/condition/getcondition/HPV-Infection