Renal artery occlusion: If the blockage is found early enough and if there's only one functioning kidney, doctors usually start aggressive treatment. They may use medications called thrombolytics (e.g., streptokinase* or urokinase) to dissolve blood clots. This treatment can only be done if the blockage isn't complete and if it's done immediately. Immediate treatment is essential since blood flow to the kidneys is essential. They may also try to prevent more clots by using anticoagulants, such as warfarin or heparin.
In severe cases, surgery might be used to try to clean out the artery. Again, surgery must be done shortly after the blockage occurs. It's generally done if the problem has been caused by trauma rather than by a disease.
If the blockage is only partial, balloon angioplasty or renal artery bypass surgery may be considered to improve kidney function or blood pressure control. Occasionally, high blood pressure can be cured following this procedure.
Renal vein thrombosis: The main treatment is to dissolve or prevent further blood clots. Surgery may also be used. In cases of dehydration, liquids are given to restore the body's fluid balance.
Unfortunately, there's no specific treatment for renal atheroembolism. The goal is to prevent it from getting worse.
Renovascular disease can't always be prevented, although its development can be slowed down by controlling conditions that can cause it, such as high blood pressure and diabetes. Eating a healthy diet is always recommended.
In the case of renal vein thrombosis, some embolisms can be prevented by making sure people don't get dehydrated when they're sick. This means drinking enough fluids, especially when ill, for example, with severe gastroenteritis or the flu. This is particularly important for young children.
The chances of developing renal atheroembolism are less if some of the risk factors, such as smoking and overweight, are eliminated. For people with diabetes, controlling blood sugar is very beneficial to reducing the risk of this condition.
*All medications have both common (generic) and brand names. The brand name is what a specific manufacturer calls the product (e.g., Tylenol®). The common name is the medical name for the medication (e.g., acetaminophen). A medication may have many brand names, but only one common name. This article lists medications by their common names. For information on a given medication, check our Drug Information database. For more information on brand names, speak with your doctor or pharmacist.
All material copyright MediResource Inc. 1996 – 2017. Terms and conditions of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Source: www.medbroadcast.com/condition/getcondition/Renovascular-Disease